Vaccinations for cats and dogs that are necessary are referred to as “core” vaccines. Non-core vaccinations are optional and are advised based on lifestyle risk and other considerations.
Core vaccines for dogs include Distemper, Adenovirus, Parvovirus, Parainfluenza and Rabies. All dogs, regardless of breed, size, or location, should get these vaccinations. Many dogs will be exposed to these life-threatening illnesses at some point in their lives. Even if it does not kill them and they survive, they may be plagued with side effects for the rest of their lives. The rabies shot protects against the rabies virus, which is deadly, and it may infect any creature, including humans. In Ontario, rabies vaccines for pets are mandated by law.
Non-core vaccinations are only given to dogs that have specific exposure risks or requirements. Leptospirosis, Kennel Cough, Coronavirus, Giardia, and Lyme disease are among them. You and your veterinarian can decide if these vaccines are right for your pet.
The core cat vaccinations are FVRCP and Rabies. FVRCP (Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus, and Panleukopenia) vaccination, this combination is often known as the “distemper” injection and protects against three diseases: feline viral rhinotracheitis, calicivirus, and panleukopenia (also known as “feline distemper”). The rabies shot protects against the rabies virus, which is deadly, and it may infect any creature, including humans. In most places, rabies vaccines for pets are mandated by law.
Non-core feline vaccinations include the feline leukemia virus (FeLV). We recommend all kittens to receive this vaccine during kittenhood to strengthen their immunity, but once they reach adulthood, it is no longer required, as long as the cat is staying strictly indoors.